Create a 4 page essay paper that discusses Position/Peer Review Paper 1.
The work ‘Greeks and Persians: West against East’ by Simon Hornblower shows how the ancient Greeks and Romans used propaganda of various kinds to justify their wars. The work shows that idealism, sentiment and anti-barbarian attitudes played their role in deciding the international atmosphere2. The article ‘Thucydides and Neorealism’ by Daniel Garst opposes the neorealist view that Thucydides’ history provides timeless insight into the role of tensions among countries in shaping international relations3. In the article ‘Imag(in)ing the Other: Amazons and Ethnicity in Fifth-Century Athens’, Andrew Stewart shows how the image of Amazons appears in the Athenian literature and art to symbolize various threats from time to time4. Ruth Stepper analyzes in her article ‘Roman-Carthaginian Relations’ how Romans justified their wars on various grounds and identifies how they found legitimacy for their actions5. This position paper looks into these five scholarly works in order to understand how the ancient Athena and Rome developed and retained their political power through the effective use of words, deeds and art.