Hi, need to submit a 2000 words essay on the topic Alcoholism Master.
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AA occupies an important place in any theoretical discussion of alcoholism because it serves as the rallying point for the concept that alcoholics carry a disease that needs medical treatment. It has been so effective in spreading this idea that a similar institution has been duplicated for alcoholics in many parts of the world. Another name that invariably comes up once the disease concept of alcoholism is mentioned is that of E. Jellinek who in 1946 published a study that has become the gospel of AA. The Jellinek study sets forth four propositions that uphold alcoholism as a disease: 1) heavy drinkers show the pattern of ever greater alcohol use leading to ever greater body, mental and social deterioration. 2) once this condition appears, it persists involuntarily. 3) medical expertise is needed to understand and relieve this condition. and 4) alcoholics, like epileptics, are not legally and morally responsible for their drinking and its consequences (Keller, M. &amp. Doria, J., 1991). In this view, alcoholics cannot control drinking and require medical treatment because they exhibit the same symptoms of a regular disease: tolerance and withdrawal distress and loss of control or inability to abstain until alcoholics hit bottom as derelicts, turn insane or die.