Write 21 page essay on the topic Eastern European Politics.
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At a certain point in these transformations, the communist parties gave up their monopoly of power — often removing a constitutional clause on that subject and admitting rival parties — and submitted to competitive elections, which turned over power to their opposition. There were significant differences, for example, with regard to the abruptness or completeness of the change among the elites, ranging from the purge of the old elites in the former German Democratic Republic (GDR) to the sliding-scale, power-sharing arrangements in many other postcommunist societies (Robert, 1985).