Write 5 page essay on the topic Philospher Friedrich Nietzsche.
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Since Nietzsche was clearly concerned with the question of whether good and evil exist in the world, Zarathustra is a natural focus for his attention.
In considering the question of suicide, the first chapter where Zarathustra comes down from the mountain is significant: from his lofty position, “Zarathustra wants to become man again” (Nietzsche, page 122). The old man criticizes him: “You lived in your solitude as in the seaAlas, would you now climb ashore Alas, would you again drag your own body” (Nietzsche, page 123). This is a question of life and death – Zarathustra, who has been free of his mortal shackles, now returns, to drag his own body. The spiritual and physical separation of Zarathustra is an example of the living and dead being: at the beginning of the book, Zarathustra has most clearly chosen life. Moreover, he has decided that God, or the spiritual side, is “Dead”, i.e., that only the physical self exists. “All beings so far have created something beyond themselves. and do you want toeven go back to the beasts rather than overcome man” (Nietzsche, 125). The soul and the body are not equal, and to believe in life after death is to deny current life “Do not believe those who speak to you of otherworldly hopes!…Despisers of life are they, decaying and poisoned themselvesso let them go” (Nietzsche, page 125). What Nietzsche appears to be saying here is that those who focus upon life-after-death, to the detriment of the physical present, are no different from suicides, who also long for death (for different reasons). Nietzsche seems to condemn both as poisonous to other men. He also attacks them later, in “On the afterworldly”: “It is not in afterworlds and redemptive drops of blood, but in the body, that they too have most faithbut a sick thing it is to them, and gladly would they shed their skins. Therefore they listen to the preachers of death and themselves preach afterworlds.” (Nietzsche, page 145). Those who hanker after the afterworld, the life-beyond-death, are too fond of their bodies to let go, but at the same time, their desire to continue with their lives leads to an obsession with death, and life after death, that denies the very body they admire.